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Ukraine Transportations


Most of the Ukrainian road system has not been upgraded since the Soviet era, and is now outdated. But the Ukrainian government has pledged to build some 4,500 km of motorways by 2012. In 2007, Ukrainian paved roads stretch for 165,611 km, out of the totalled roadways of 169,422 km.

Rail transport in Ukraine plays the role of connecting all major urban areas, port facilities and industrial centres with neighbouring countries. The heaviest concentration of railroad track is located in the Donbas region of Ukraine. Although the amount of freight transported by rail fell by 7.4% in 1995 in comparison with 1994, Ukraine is still one of the world's highest rail users. In 2006, the total amount of railroad track in Ukraine extended for 22,473 km, of which 9,250 km was electrified.

The main marine ports are Berdyans'k, Illichivs'k, Kerch, Kherson, Mariupol', Mykolayiv, Odesa and Sevastopol'. The merchant marine fleet had 189 ships (1,000 GRT or over) in 2008. There are 2,253 km of inland waterways. The Dnipro River is the primary inland waterway, but the Danube, western Pivd Buh, Pryp'yat' and Desna are also used for import-export traffic.

Ukraine had 437 airports in 2007, of which 193 had paved runways. The largest airports are in Kiev, Kharkiv, Donetsk, Odesa and Simferopol'. In 2001, 995,500 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international airline flights.


Airports :
437 (2007)

Airports - with paved runways :
total: 193
over 3,047 m: 13
2,438 to 3,047 m: 53
1,524 to 2,437 m: 27
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 95 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways :
total: 244
2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 11
914 to 1,523 m: 13
under 914 m: 217 (2007)

Heliports :
10 (2007)

Pipelines :
gas 33,721 km; oil 4,514 km; refined products 4,211 km (2007)

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