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Ukraine Military


The Armed Forces of Ukraine (Zbroyni Syly Ukrayiny-ZSU) were formed from portions of the military of the collapsing Soviet Union, in the early 1990s.

The Ukrainian armed forces are largely made up of conscripts. The total personnel (including 43,000 civilian workers) numbers at the end of 2008 will be 191,000. In July 2008, there were 149,000 military personnel.

The branch structure is as follows:

• Ukrainian Ground Forces: (2 Armored Brigades, 8 mechanised brigades, 2 airmobile brigades, 1 airborne brigade, 3 artillery brigades, 1 rocket artillery brigade and various combat support formations);
• Ukrainian Air Force;
• Ukrainian Navy (16 combat ships, 8 ASW helicopters, 4 ASW airplanes).

Currently Ukraine's military is the second largest in Europe, after that of Russia.

Ukraine's stated national policy is Euro-Atlantic integration, with both NATO and the European Union. Ukraine has a "Distinctive Partnership" with NATO and has been an active participant in Partnership for Peace exercises and in peacekeeping in the Balkans. This close relationship with NATO has been most apparent in Ukrainian co-operation and combined peacekeeping operation with its neighbour Poland, in Kosovo. Ukrainian serviceman also serve under NATO command in Iraq, Afghanistan and in Operation Active Endeavour. However, the continuing relationship with Russia complicates these linkages.

Ukraine also took consistent steps toward reduction of conventional weapons. It signed the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, which called for reduction of tanks, artillery and armoured vehicles. The country plans to convert the current conscript-based military into a professional volunteer military not later than in 2011.


Military branches :
Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Air Forces (Viyskovo-Povitryani Syly), Air Defence Forces (2002)

Military service age and obligation :
18-25 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months for Army and Air Force, 24 months for Navy (2004)

Manpower available for military service :
males age 16-49: 11,457,562
females age 16-49: 11,767,357 (2008 est.)

Manpower fit for military service :
males age 16-49: 7,141,814
females age 16-49: 9,428,876 (2008 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually :
male: 288,605
female: 276,324 (2008 est.)

Military expenditures :
1.4% of GDP (2005 est.)





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