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Ukraine Geography


Ukraine, the second largest country in Europe, is located in eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland and Russia. Comparatively, Ukraine is slightly smaller than the state of Texas with a total area of 603,700 sq km (233,090 sq mi). Ukraine shares boundaries with Belarus on the north, Russia on the east, the Black Sea on the south, Romania, Moldova, Hungary and Slovakia on the west, and Poland on the northwest. Ukraine's location is one of strategic importance at the crossroads between Europe and Asia.

Its land boundary totals 4,663 km (2,897 mi) and its coastline is 2,782 (1,729 mi). Ukraine's capital city, Kiev, is located in the north central part of the country.

The topography of Ukraine consists mainly of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus. Mountains (Carpathians) are found only in the west and in the Crimean Peninsula in the extreme south. About 57% of the land in Ukraine is arable with approximately 4% under irrigation. The most important river in Ukraine is the Dnipro (Dneiper), the third longest river in Europe. It serves as a major source of hydro-electric power. Other major rivers include the Danube, Western Buh, the Tisza, the Pripyat, and the Desna.

The climate is subtropical on the Crimean Peninsula. Precipitation is disproportionately distributed, highest in the west and north, least in the east and southeast. Winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland. Summers are warm across the greater part of the country, except for the south where it becomes hot.

The rest of the country's climate is temperate. The mean temperature in July is about 10°C (66°F). In January, however, the mean temperature drops to -6°C (21°F). Average rainfall is 50 cm (20 in) a year, with variations in different regions.


Location :
Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland, Romania, and Moldova in the west and Russia in the east

Geographic coordinates :
49 00 N, 32 00 E

Map references :
Asia, Europe

Area :
total: 603,700 sq km
land: 603,700 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative :
slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries :
total: 4,566 km
border countries: Belarus 891 km, Hungary 103 km, Moldova 940 km, Poland 428 km, Romania (south) 176 km, Romania (southwest) 362 km, Russia 1,576 km, Slovakia 90 km

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